Covid-19. What happens to families with Child Arrangement Orders?
26th March 2020 by Kenneth Clarke
When a family experience divorce or separation, there is a seismic shift in their lives, most notably for children, who are suddenly thrust into a world where they have to experience not seeing at least one of their parents on a daily basis.
Maintaining a healthy relationship with both parents is the bedrock of the English Family Justice system. Where parents cannot agree arrangements for their children, the court can intervene and make a Child Arrangements Order, regulating the time each parent spends with their children.
Enforcement procedures can be enacted if one of the parents does not comply with an order
Every judicial decision made focuses on the best interests of the child, using a set of legal principles, but what happens when a global pandemic like Covid-19 comes along and forces governments to close schools and orders the population to stay indoors?
As a result, parents with primary care of their children have been stopping or suspending court ordered arrangements, sowing the seeds for conflict and causing confusion and anxiety for children. Some are offering Facetime, phone calls or WhatsApp as an alternative, but for the other parent, “distance contact” feels unnatural and breaks the natural bond that occurs from close contact with their children.
Fortunately, Sir Andrew MacFarlane, the President of the Family Division, has issued clear and helpful guidelines regarding compliance with court orders during the pandemic.
The full text of the President’s guidelines can be found here.
The guidelines underpin the basic legal right of a child to retain a relationship with both parents and therefore it is expected that parents will follow the spirit of the a child arrangement order, although the parent with primary care is permitted, if they feel they have good cause, to exercise their parental right to suspend direct contact, if they think that this is in the best interests of the child.
However, in such a situation that parent is encouraged to agree alternative arrangements if direct contact cannot be facilitated.
Any dispute about whether a decision to suspend contact has been exercised appropriately can be challenged by an enforcement application by the other parent. Court hearings can still take place, but for the time being hearings will be via video link or telephone conferencing and /or email.
There has always been the need for parents to be flexible in respect of arrangements for their children, post separation. During Covid-19 there will be a greater need for that flexibility. Parents will need to “think outside the box” in order to formulate creative solutions. This will be one of the greatest challenges separated parents will face in this unprecedented crisis.
If you need any further advice on child arrangement orders then please contact Laceys Mediation on firstname.lastname@example.org and we will be happy to help.