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flexible working options

Laceys consider 3 flexible working options that may work for your business

9th November 2020 by Robin Watson

Categories: Covid-19
Tags: , , , ,

The viability of many businesses is on a knife edge and flexible working options enabling the scaling up or down of your workforce at short notice have become increasingly important.

For many employers, keeping their workforce as flexible as possible will be essential for their future. However, the law around zero hours contracts, self-employment, personal service companies and agency workers is complex, and now is the time to take stock of your current arrangements.

Robin Watson, head of the Employment team with Laceys,  outlines below how to manage the risks and obligations of the different options for a flexible workforce.

Self-employed contractors: watch out for employment rights

Contracting with a self-employed individual may seem like a low-risk option, without adding to the overheads. However, even if you and the individual initially agree that they are self-employed, an employment tribunal may see things differently further down the line. It matters if the working arrangements make them a worker or even an employee in the eyes of the law; a worker has the right to paid holiday, rest breaks and to be paid the national minimum wage, amongst other rights. An employee benefits from the full suite of employment rights. Workers and employees are also protected if they blow the whistle.

Determining if your self-employed contractors can be safely described and treated as self-employed, is not straight forward. Factors include whether the individual has to do the work personally or if they can send a substitute instead. This area of law is crying out for reform, but there is no consensus on how to improve it.

In July 2020, the Supreme Court heard the case of Uber drivers who have so far been successful in their argument that they have workers’ rights. We are waiting for the court’s decision, which has significant implications for gig economy workers, potentially giving many of them rights to paid holiday and the national minimum wage.

We can help you review the arrangements for your contractors and advise how to reduce the risk that the relationship status tips over into one of worker or employee.

It is worth noting that self-employed contractors, who have to personally provide their services, including those providing their services through their own service company are protected from discrimination under the Equality Act 2010.

What do I need to know about tax and the self-employed?

HMRC uses similar tests to employment tribunals to assess if an individual is an employee or self-employed. The category of worker is not recognised for tax purposes. HMRC can recover tax and National Insurance contributions if it believes an individual has been wrongly categorised as self-employed.

In April 2021, it is expected that the off-payroll working rules will be extended to the private sector, having been postponed since April 2020. This means that an individual providing services through a personal services company or a partnership to a medium or large private sector organisation can be deemed to be an employee. If your business falls within the scope of the rules, you need to assess the tax status of your contractors and produce a ‘status determination statement’. Rather than the provider having to account for tax, you may be liable for income tax, paying National Insurance contributions and the apprenticeship levy. We can help you get ready for these changes.

Can I use zero hours contracts?

Zero hours contracts can give you considerable flexibility, even though you cannot require the individual to work exclusively for you. We can draft suitable contracts for you to ensure that these include rights introduced in April 2020 and that the working arrangements do not create the same rights as for employees.

Agency workers: rights and obligations

The agency is responsible for providing the terms of engagement and key information to the worker. Respond promptly to any questions from the agency about the placement and health and safety, as the agency is obliged to ask these before the worker can start work with you.

For placements of six days or more the agency must confirm information to you, including that the worker has the relevant experience and qualifications. There are additional requirements for placements involving vulnerable persons.

The agency also has to tell you whether it has taken on the individual on a self-employed basis or as an employee. We can review the contract with the agency to ensure it gives you adequate protection, should the agency worker claim to be employed directly by you or bring any claims against you. The contract should also protect you from incurring tax liabilities, particularly if the worker provides services through a managed service company or a personal services company.

Specific rights of agency workers

You need to be aware of the most significant rights for agency workers:

  • access to staff facilities on no less favourable terms than other comparable staff, unless you can objectively justify treating them differently;
  • to be informed of relevant job vacancies within your business;
  • after 12 weeks, to take time off work to attend antenatal appointments or adoption placement appointments; and
  • after 12 weeks, to have certain key basic working and employment conditions, including holiday and pay, as if you employed them directly.

We can advise you on whether it is safe to end a placement at 11 weeks to avoid rights kicking in or if you would fall foul of anti-avoidance measures.

We can help you find the best options for a flexible workforce and ensure you comply with the legal framework and the arrangements work well for you. If you would like further advice please contact Robin Watson in confidence on 01202 755204 or email r.watson@laceyssolicitors.co.uk

Robin Watson

Partner — Employment and Immigration

Direct dial: 01202 755202

Email

“Cocowai is a wholesale and online retail cashmere company. We recently contacted Robin Watson at Laceys Solicitors to help and advise us with producing an employment contract, and subsequently for advice on other employment issues. Robin has been extremely helpful and efficient throughout the whole - from our initial meeting, through to further telephone conversations and subsequent emails. I have been impressed by Robin's consideration of our "type" and "size" of company, whilst advising on what kind of contract we needed for our business. ”

Frances Macaulay, COCOWAI

Robin studied law at the University of Southampton before achieving Distinction in a postgraduate law diploma at Bournemouth University in 2011 and being awarded the Dorset Magistrates’ Association Excellence in Advocacy Award.

Robin qualified as a solicitor with Laceys in 2011, and is now one of Laceys partners, specialising in employment law advising employers, HR Directors and managers on all aspects of complex employment law and day-to-day HR issues.

In addition, Robin completed a demanding course and examination process and qualified as a Solicitor-Advocate early on in his career. This entitles Robin to appear in all civil courts and enhances the service he can provide to clients.

Robin is able to bring his previous experience in management outside of the law and also, understands the real demands and issues involved in HR. Robin takes responsibility for the HR of Laceys which includes circa. 100 employees and so has experienced what it is really like to deal with frontline HR issues and his clients genuinely benefit from that. It enables Robin to give practical and clear advice based on real experience, as well as utilising his legal knowledge and experience.

Robin has advised and represented a national hotel and restaurant group concerning multiple redundancies and general ongoing employment law/HR support and also recently advised and represented a financial services organisation in a High Court contractual dispute.

Robin has previously advised a local charity regarding potential pay claims and represented a senior charity executive.

As part of his service Robin likes to provide training to his clients and their HR teams.

Away from work Robin enjoys cycling, cooking and eating. Lately, Robin has (again) started sketching and is trying to convince himself that he has a talent!

To find out more about Robin becoming Partner and why he chose to specialise in Employment law click here;

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